50 Hotlines
46 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Age of the victims

Age of the victims

82% of CSAM assessed in 2021 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims are aged between 3 to 13 years.

The figures from 2021 show that the majority of victims are pre-pubescent.

Gender of victims

Gender of victims

96% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2021 were girls and 2% were boys.

96% of victims were girls

Girls depicted in images and videos increased by 3% from 2019. Children of both genders were depicted in 1.5% of assessed reports.

World Wide Reporting Data

World Wide Reporting Data

Netherlands - 32.62%
United Kingdom - 27.20%
Austria - 10.85%
Germany - 6.92%
Czech Republic - 3.85%
Poland - 3.35%
Colombia - 3.12%
Remaining countries - under 2%

World Wide Reporting Data

INHOPE has traced CSAM material to more than 60 countries, and of those INHOPE hotlines are present in 36 countries.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

In 2021, the data presented 9 different site types with the majority of material being found on the following:

Website 31%
File host 26%
Image host 25%

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

Number of exchanged content URLs: 928,278
Number of illegal content URLs: 443,705

Number of Reports, Assessed Illegal

Exchanged content URLs – This is the number of URLs of individual media files e.g. video, images etc that were exchanged via ICCAM.

Illegal content URLs – This is the number of unique content URLs that were processed via ICCAM and assessed by analysts as being CSAM and thus illegal.

Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2021

A review of 2021, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

The importance of human content moderators

Trust and Safety (T&S) agents are the first and most important line of defence for any online service provider. They work to maintain community guidelines by detecting and removing h (...)

The importance of human content moderators

Webinar: Proactive vs. Reactive hotline communication

This webinar will explore campaign approaches and how hotlines can actively communicate with young people on the topic of child sexual abuse and exploitation. 2022 is the year to speak u (...)

Webinar: Proactive vs. Reactive hotline communication

Tackling CSAM hosting in the Netherlands

Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) is shared and distributed online creating a global problem in its removal. However, while content spreads online the existence of this material require (...)

Tackling CSAM hosting in the Netherlands

Deep dive INHOPE Annual Report recap

The INHOPE Chief Operating Officer Dushica Naumovska and Technical Product Manager Kalina Zografska took the audience on a journey through the most striking developments, insights, and d (...)

Deep dive INHOPE Annual Report recap

INHOPE launches Annual Report 2021

Sustainable development was INHOPEs direction for 2021. After embracing the need for change created by COVID-19, we find ourselves concluding this year in a stronger position than where (...)

INHOPE launches Annual Report 2021

Meet Grete, the INHOPE Project Officer

Get to know the people behind INHOPE with our team member spotlight.

Meet Grete, the INHOPE Project Officer

Transactional Sexting and self-generated content recap

At the most recent INHOPE Expert Insights webinar, Niels van Paemel, policy advisor at Child Focus, shared how more academic research i (...)

Transactional Sexting and self-generated content recap

Webinar: Developing Resilience in the Digital Safety Field

The Digital Safety Office’s Developing resilience in the field of digital safety workshop provides attendees with the knowledge and best practices intended to help reduce the effects o (...)

Webinar: Developing Resilience in the Digital Safety Field

Live-streamed Abuse of Minors recap - What can be done? (Part 2)

Part two of the webinar recap: live-streamed abuse of minors is focused on proactive collaborations between law enforcement, key tech players, and relevant NGOs.

Live-streamed Abuse of Minors recap - What can be done? (Part 2)

A word from our partner TikTok

Combatting online child sexual abuse material (CSAM) requires global efforts from both public and private organisations. We interview our partners at TikTok, who stand firm against all f (...)

A word from our partner TikTok