46 Hotlines
42 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Age of the victims

Age of the victims

90 % of CSAM assessed in 2018 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims aged between 3 to 13 years has increased.

The proportion of assessed reports depicting female victims has declined since 2017. However, girls still represent the majority of victims depicted in CSAM. In the first half of 2019, already over 90% of victims have been registered as pre-pubescent.

Gender of victims

Gender of victims

80% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2018 were girls and 17% were boys.

80% of victims were girls

From 2017 to 2018 the proportion of victims that were girls reduced from 94,2% to 80,5% while the number of victims that were boys increased from 4,3% to 16,8 %. The proportion including both genders rose from 1,4% to 2,7%. In the first half of 2019 we see that over 90% of victims depicted in CSAM are girls.

World Wide Hosting Patterns

World Wide Hosting Patterns

In 2018, 44,33% of CSAM was hosted in Netherlands.

World Wide Hosting Patterns

From the graph you can see how this looks.

In 2018, the majority is hosted in the United States 24,92%, Netherlands 44,33%, Russian Federation 8,61%, France 5,96% and Slovakia 4,94%.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

84% of the content was hosted on image hosting services. In the first half of 2019, we see 85% of detected CSAM is hosted on image hosting service.

84% Image host
7% File host
5% Website
4% Other

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

226,999 images and videos were assessed as illegal, an increase of 51% on 2017.

Reporting Patterns

The following graphs provide an insight into the past two and a half years of ICCAM data – 2017, 2018 and the first half of 2019 (January to June).

Between 2017 and 2018, the number of illegal images & videos increased by 51%. This rapid rate of increase correlates with the increase in reports collected through ICCAM.

Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2018/2019

A review of 2018 and 2019, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

INHOPE's online Hotline Training Meeting

INHOPE was due to be in Lisbon the week of May 18 for its first annual Hotline Training Meeting, but given the travel restrictions in place the meeting had to be held virtually via Zoom.

INHOPE's online Hotline Training Meeting

ReportIt Campaign Wrap-up

We are wrapping up our #ReportIt campaign after running it for 5 weeks.

ReportIt Campaign Wrap-up

Successful remote update of AviaTor tool

The valuable work of the AviaTor project (funded by the European Commission) continues through COVID-19.

Successful remote update of AviaTor tool

ECPAT Taiwan petitioning for amendment to Child and Youth Sexual Exploitation Prevention Act

Thousands of children across Taiwan have been subject to sexual exploitation and abuse each year.

ECPAT Taiwan petitioning for amendment to Child and Youth Sexual Exploitation Prevention Act

Telefono Azzurro's National Day against Paedophilia and Child Sexual Exploitation

During the Covid-19 emergency, Telefono Azzurro’s Helpline 1.96.96,114 Emergency Service and 116000 Missing Children Italy remained active 24/7, and, is constantly running its Hotline (...)

Telefono Azzurro's National Day against Paedophilia and Child Sexual Exploitation

Everyday pictures of children in a sexualised context

Like other hotlines, the Danish hotline also receives images of children which are not illegal but are problematic because they constitute sexual exploitation of the child.

Everyday pictures of children in a sexualised context

APLE Cambodia encourages parents to take the lead in the fight against Online Child Sexual Exploitation during Covid19 lockdowns

It’s been repeatedly emphasized in Child Protection Networks in the past weeks that the current lockdown policies are also increasing risks of children online, one of them being online (...)

APLE Cambodia encourages parents to take the lead in the fight against Online Child Sexual Exploitation during Covid19 lockdowns

FSM hotline publishes report statistics for 2019

The number of reports of illegal or harmful online content decreased to 5,985 after a peak in 2018 with 6,733 complaints.

FSM hotline publishes report statistics for 2019

Guidelines for Ethical Research on Sexual Exploitation Involving Children

ECPAT Taiwan, ECPAT International, and Taiwan National Chung Cheng University released ‘Guidelines for Ethical Research on Sexual Exploitation Involving Children’ in late 2019

Guidelines for Ethical Research on Sexual Exploitation Involving Children

Polish holine Dyżurnet.pl on statistics and welfare during COVID-19

The reality of COVID-19 is requiring us to establish a totally different way of work in a very short time period.

Polish holine Dyżurnet.pl on statistics and welfare during COVID-19