50 Hotlines
46 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Age of the victims

Age of the victims

77% of CSAM assessed in 2020 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims are aged between 3 to 13 years.

The figures from 2020 show that the majority of victims are pre-pubescent.

Gender of victims

Gender of victims

93% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2020 were girls and 5% were boys.

93% of victims were girls

Girls depicted in images and videos increased by 2% from 2019. Children of both genders were depicted in 2% of assessed reports.

World Wide Reporting Data

World Wide Reporting Data

Netherlands - 21%
Austria - 21%
United Kingdom - 12%
Canada - 10%
Colombia - 9%
Germany - 5%
Poland, United States, Ireland; each 3%
Czech Republic, Finland, each; 2%

World Wide Reporting Data

INHOPE has traced CSAM material to more than 60 countries, and of those INHOPE hotlines are present in 36 countries.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

In 2020, the data presented 9 different site types with the majority of material being found on the following:

Website 48%
Image host 24%
File host 13%

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

Number of exchanged content URLs: 1038268
Number of illegal content URLs: 267192

Number of Reports, Assessed Illegal

Exchanged content URLs – This is the number of URLs of individual media files e.g. video, images etc that were exchanged via ICCAM.

Illegal content URLs – This is the number of unique content URLs that were processed via ICCAM and assessed by analysts as being CSAM and thus illegal.

Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2020

A review of 2020, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

What is Report Remove?

Report Remove is a partnership project between the Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) and the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC).

What is Report Remove?

Grooming & Proactive Victim Protection

INHOPE hosts "Grooming & Proactive Victim protection" on Thursday 10th February 2022.

Grooming & Proactive Victim Protection

INHOPE & Patreon prioritise user protection

We are thrilled to announce that Patreon is joining INHOPE’s annual funding partnerships program to be ahead of the curve and ensure that its users and the communities they nurture can (...)

INHOPE & Patreon prioritise user protection

Challenges faced during the pandemic

Telefono Azzurro presents the findings within their annual report which shows what took place during the pandemic.

Challenges faced during the pandemic

INHOPE collaborates with ActiveFence in the fight against Online Abuse of Minors

New York, NY and Tel Aviv, Israel, January 7, 2022 -- ActiveFence, the leader in the proactive approach to online integrity, trust and safety, today announced that the company is now a f (...)

INHOPE collaborates with ActiveFence in the fight against Online Abuse of Minors

Meet the INHOPE Board, Peter-Paul Urlaub

Get to know the people behind INHOPE with our board member spotlight.

Meet the INHOPE Board, Peter-Paul Urlaub

Marketing Communications Specialist

INHOPE is the global network combatting online Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM). The mission of INHOPE is to support the network of hotlines in combatting online Child Sexual Abuse Mat (...)

Marketing Communications Specialist

Hotline Expansion into High-Risk Countries

Is everyone able to report child sexual abuse material (CSAM) they come across on the internet? The answer is no. This question often disturbs people, unbalances them, because they canno (...)

Hotline Expansion into High-Risk Countries

Meet the INHOPE Board, Carolina Pineros

Get to know the people behind INHOPE with our board member spotlight.

Meet the INHOPE Board, Carolina Pineros

What is child sexual abuse material detection?

Technology companies and online communication services use automated detection to voluntarily identify, evaluate, report, and reduce the scale of harmful content found on their platforms.

What is child sexual abuse material detection?