92% of CSAM assessed in 2019 depicted children under 13 years of age.
91% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2019 were girls and 7% were boys.
320,672 images and videos were assessed as illegal, roughly 100,000 more than 2018.
The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.
Netherlands - 79%
France - 10%
Slovakia - 4%
Latvia - 2%
Germany, Romania & Bulgaria - 1%
CSAM stands for Child Sexual Abuse Material.
Hosting provider: refers to companies that host internet content
ISP stands for Internet Service Provider, which means organisations that provide connectivity to the internet. This also refers to ESP’s (Electronic Service Providers)
INHOPE’s secure software solution to collect, exchange and categorise reports of child sexual abuse material. ICCAM is used by INHOPE hotlines in different jurisdictions (countries) and INTERPOL. The name ICCAM is derived from the phrase ‘I see Child Abuse Material.’
A hotline enables the public to anonymously report online material they suspect may be illegal. A hotline analyst will investigate the report and if confirmed illegal, they act to have the content removed from the internet as rapidly as possible.
A ‘Report’ (when we talk about a report to a hotline) is a URL that has been reported to a hotline by a member of the public or industry that contains potentially illegal images or videos. One report can contain an unlimited number of images and videos. Often a single report can have a thousand CSAM items.
Assessed images & videos: In order to determine the illegality of images and videos on a particular URL, an analyst has to review the content that is visible on the reported URL. Assessed images and videos refers to all the images and videos that have been found on the reported URL.
Content (CSAM) removed is the time stamp recorded on ICCAM when a hotline confirms that the instance of the image and/or video has been removed from the internet.
Forwarded ICCAM Reports: When a hotline receives a report from the public or industry, an analyst reviews the report to determine whether it is illegal. If deemed to be illegal CSAM, the analyst traces its hosting location and then instantly forwards the URL to the hotline in the hosting country. The forwarding takes place within ICCAM (INHOPE’s secure platform).
‘Illegal images & videos’ refers only to content that has been classified as illegal by an INHOPE member hotline
LEA stands for Law Enforcement Agency
A Notice and Takedown order is a procedure for asking a Hosting Provider (HP) or search engine to
immediately remove or disable access to illegal, irrelevant or outdated information hosted on their
A review of 2020, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.
For older reports - click here.
The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.
The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.
Telefono Azzurro promoted a discussion between Institutions, companies and national and international experts in order to celebrate Italian "National Day Against Paedophilia".
In Quarter I of 2021, Lithuanian hotline Svarus Internetas (Clean Internet) received 2205 reports of illegal or harmful internet content. This indicator already significantly exceeds the (...)
Save the Children Finland has published new data: “Grooming in the eyes of a child – report on the experiences of 11−17-year-old children on online grooming”. **
We are sharing banners which can be uploaded onto your website, social media platform, or blog to direct your visitors to report any Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) they find online.
With a total of 6,024 reports received by the FSM hotline in 2020, the number of reports of illegal or harmful online content increased slightly compared to 2019 (5,985). 51 % of all rep (...)
INHOPE provides member hotlines with services, support and frameworks to ensure they have all the tools necessary to combat online CSAM effectively. This includes training, technical inf (...)
Hotlines are getting Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) taken down roughly 50% faster than last year. With the upending of all normal practices and procedures that COVID imposed on many (...)
Get to know the people behind INHOPE with our team member spotlight.
Referrer sites send users from one website to another. People might be shown different versions of the same website depending on whether they have entered via a specific referrer or not.
It is estimated that about 1 million people are victims of cybercrime a day. Aiming to protect, empower and care for victims of electronic crime, the ROAR project was developed by APAV i (...)