46 Hotlines
42 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Age of the victims

Age of the victims

77% of CSAM assessed in 2020 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims are aged between 3 to 13 years.

The figures from 2020 show that the majority of victims are pre-pubescent.

Gender of victims

Gender of victims

93% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2020 were girls and 5% were boys.

93% of victims were girls

Girls depicted in images and videos increased by 2% from 2019. Children of both genders were depicted in 2% of assessed reports.

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

Number of exchanged content URLs: 1038268
Number of illegal content URLs: 267192

Number of Reports, Assessed Illegal

Exchanged content URLs – This is the number of URLs of individual media files e.g. video, images etc that were exchanged via ICCAM.

Illegal content URLs – This is the number of unique content URLs that were processed via ICCAM and assessed by analysts as being CSAM and thus illegal.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

In 2020, the data presented 9 different site types with the majority of material being found on the following:

Website 48%
Image host 24%
File host 13%

World Wide Reporting Data

World Wide Reporting Data

Netherlands - 21%
Austria - 21%
United Kingdom - 12%
Canada - 10%
Colombia - 9%
Germany - 5%
Poland, United States, Ireland; each 3%
Czech Republic, Finland, each; 2%

World Wide Reporting Data

INHOPE has traced CSAM material to more than 60 countries, and of those INHOPE hotlines are present in 36 countries.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2020

A review of 2020, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

Team Leading Techniques for Digital First Responders

As our use of technology grows, so does the number of Digital First Responders providing the first line of defence against Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) online. While they're workin (...)

Team Leading Techniques for Digital First Responders

What is the INHOPE Summit?

The INHOPE Summit is an annual event that brings together technology, law enforcement and industry partners to ensure that INHOPE’s network of 46 hotlines continue to remove online CSA (...)

What is the INHOPE Summit?

Protect children from sexual exploitation while travelling

A survey by ECPAT found that only 4% of travellers who witnessed possible signals of sexual exploitation of children reported what they’d seen to local authorities or their national re (...)

Protect children from sexual exploitation while travelling

Meet Abby, the INHOPE Project Officer

Get to know the people behind INHOPE with our team member spotlight.

Meet Abby, the INHOPE Project Officer

The Victims of Child Sexual Abuse

Any minor can be the victim of child sexual abuse, and have material of that abuse shared online. Abuse happens to children of all ethnicities and ages, rich or poor, popular or unpopula (...)

The Victims of Child Sexual Abuse

Online Child Sexual Exploitation during COVID-19 - Webinar Highlights

We were thrilled to welcome Dr Michael Salter to present the findings of his research study looking into the views and experiences of online child protection professionals, offender beha (...)

Online Child Sexual Exploitation during COVID-19 - Webinar Highlights

What is Baseline?

Different countries define Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) in different ways. Baseline is a classification created by Interpol as an international standard which is considered illegal (...)

What is Baseline?

Australia’s new Online Safety Act

On Wednesday 23 June, the Australian Parliament passed the new Online Safety Act, providing a comprehensive regulatory framework for tackling online harms. The new Act consolidates the e (...)

Australia’s new Online Safety Act

What is a Deepfake?

Deepfake technology is used to create images or videos of people doing or saying things which they did not do or say. The name comes from a combination of “deep learning”, which refe (...)

What is a Deepfake?

Meet Charlotte, INHOPE's Global Marketing Manager

Get to know the people behind INHOPE with our team member spotlight.

Meet Charlotte, INHOPE's Global Marketing Manager