47 Hotlines
43 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Age of the victims

Age of the victims

90 % of CSAM assessed in 2018 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims aged between 3 to 13 years has increased.

The proportion of assessed reports depicting female victims has declined since 2017. However, girls still represent the majority of victims depicted in CSAM. In the first half of 2019, already over 90% of victims have been registered as pre-pubescent.

Gender of victims

Gender of victims

80% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2018 were girls and 17% were boys.

80% of victims were girls

From 2017 to 2018 the proportion of victims that were girls reduced from 94,2% to 80,5% while the number of victims that were boys increased from 4,3% to 16,8 %. The proportion including both genders rose from 1,4% to 2,7%. In the first half of 2019 we see that over 90% of victims depicted in CSAM are girls.

World Wide Hosting Patterns

World Wide Hosting Patterns

In 2018, 44,33% of CSAM was hosted in Netherlands.

World Wide Hosting Patterns

From the graph you can see how this looks.

In 2018, the majority is hosted in the United States 24,92%, Netherlands 44,33%, Russian Federation 8,61%, France 5,96% and Slovakia 4,94%.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

84% of the content was hosted on image hosting services. In the first half of 2019, we see 85% of detected CSAM is hosted on image hosting service.

84% Image host
7% File host
5% Website
4% Other

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

226,999 images and videos were assessed as illegal, an increase of 51% on 2017.

Reporting Patterns

The following graphs provide an insight into the past two and a half years of ICCAM data – 2017, 2018 and the first half of 2019 (January to June).

Between 2017 and 2018, the number of illegal images & videos increased by 51%. This rapid rate of increase correlates with the increase in reports collected through ICCAM.

Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2018/2019

A review of 2018 and 2019, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

You have the power to stop CSAM

What is a report? When we say ´Report` we are referring to a URL that contains potentially illegal images or videos. One report can contain an unlimited number of images and videos.

You have the power to stop CSAM

Your reports lead to investigations and arrests

A single anonymous report can have an incredibly huge impact. INHOPE’s member hotlines have countless success stores in which a public report has led to the successful investigations a (...)

Your reports lead to investigations and arrests

Achieve balance working from home during COVID-19

Our hotlines, like many organisations, have had to adapt to the situation around COVID-19. This includes temporary work from home policies on non-CSAM activities. To many this is a new c (...)

Achieve balance working from home during COVID-19

Fighting CSAM during COVID-19

If you’re working remotely over the coming weeks, now more than ever it's vital that you do your part to protect children online.

Fighting CSAM during COVID-19

INHOPE launches new 'Support Us' page

INHOPE has launched a ‘Support Us’ page on our website.

INHOPE launches new 'Support Us' page

Where your reports go

When you report something to a hotline in your country you may wonder what impact this has. In the majority of cases our member hotlines work indirectly/directly with law enforcement off (...)

Where your reports go

It takes a Network to Defeat a Network – INHOPE formalizes partnership with Cloudflare

The global network of Internet hotlines, INHOPE, partners with Cloudflare, one of the largest Internet infrastructure networks, to combat Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) online.

It takes a Network to Defeat a Network – INHOPE formalizes partnership with Cloudflare

Law enforcement test AI tool AviaTor to fight child sexual abuse

The AviaTor project began in January 2019 with project partners from ZiuZ Forensics, Web IQ, the German Research Centre for Artificial Intelligence, the National Police of the Netherland (...)

Law enforcement test AI tool AviaTor to fight child sexual abuse

The new information website for parents in Hungary is live!

Gyerekaneten.hu, (Child on the Net) dictionary-structured website operated by the National Media and Infocommunications Authority (NMHH) launched on March 1st.

The new information website for parents in Hungary is live!

Speak for those who cannot

Often when we see images online, we forget about the person behind the image. And that’s fine when it’s your friends’ Instagram story of them on holiday yet again. But when its som (...)

Speak for those who cannot