45 Hotlines
41 Countries
1 Mission

Facts & numbers
Age of the victims

Age of the victims

90 % of CSAM assessed in 2018 depicted children under 13 years of age.

Victims aged between 3 to 13 years has increased.

The proportion of assessed reports depicting female victims has declined since 2017. However, girls still represent the majority of victims depicted in CSAM. In the first half of 2019, already over 90% of victims have been registered as pre-pubescent.

Gender of victims

Gender of victims

80% of victims depicted in reports assessed during 2018 were girls and 17% were boys.

80% of victims were girls

From 2017 to 2018 the proportion of victims that were girls reduced from 94,2% to 80,5% while the number of victims that were boys increased from 4,3% to 16,8 %. The proportion including both genders rose from 1,4% to 2,7%. In the first half of 2019 we see that over 90% of victims depicted in CSAM are girls.

World Wide Hosting Patterns

World Wide Hosting Patterns

The maps below show the countries with the highest amount of CSAM hosting in 2018.

World Wide Hosting Patterns

From the graph you can see how this looks.

In 2018, the majority is hosted in the United States 24,92%, Netherlands 44,33%, Russian Federation 8,61%, France 5,96% and Slovakia 4,94%.

Read more on these facts in our Annual Report.

Site Types

Site Types

The pie chart shows the variety of sites used to store CSAM.

Site Types

84% of the content was hosted on image hosting services. In the first half of 2019, we see 85% of detected CSAM is hosted on image hosting service.

84% Image host
7% File host
5% Website
4% Other

Reporting Patterns

Reporting Patterns

226,999 images and videos were assessed as illegal, an increase of 51% on 2017.

Reporting Patterns

The following graphs provide an insight into the past two and a half years of ICCAM data – 2017, 2018 and the first half of 2019 (January to June).

Between 2017 and 2018, the number of illegal images & videos increased by 51%. This rapid rate of increase correlates with the increase in reports collected through ICCAM.

Good to know

Useful Documents

Annual Report 2018/2019

A review of 2018 and 2019, where we look at the INHOPE Network of Hotlines, the environment that it operates in and its global impact on CSAM.

Download coming soon!

For older reports - click here.

Luxembourg Guidelines

The Terminology Guidelines, dubbed the ‘Luxembourg Guidelines’ after their adoption in Luxembourg earlier this year, offer guidance on how to navigate the complex lexicon of terms commonly used relating to sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children. They aim to build consensus on key concepts in order to strengthen data collection and cooperation across agencies, sectors and countries.

Child Dignity Alliance - Technology Working Group Report

The Technology Working Group was charged with examining the role of technology in combatting the proliferation of online child sexual exploitation and abuse imagery.A focus of this report is on the need to dismantle the chief technical, legal and policy silos that are frustrating real collaboration among law enforcement, industry, government and the non-government sector.

Insights &
articles

ECPAT Philippines and INHOPE visited the Cybersecurity Bureau

Our Programme Manager, Dushica Naumovska and Training Manager, Suzanne Wissenburg are currently in the Philippines visiting ECPAT Philippines and discussing the operation of their future (...)

ECPAT Philippines and INHOPE visited the Cybersecurity Bureau

20 Years of INHOPE

INHOPE – The International Association of Internet Hotlines was formed in 1999 in response to a shared vision of an internet free of online Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM).

20 Years of INHOPE

Digital Child Dignity Conference Casina Pio IV

On the occasion of the 30th Anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Child Dignity Alliance (CDA) continues its commitment on the protection of children in the digit (...)

Digital Child Dignity Conference Casina Pio IV

Lectures on "Sexting, Sextortion, Grooming and Child Sexual Abuse".

Within the framework of the European co-funded project "CyberSafety - Better Internet for Kids", the Cyprus Safer Internet Center, organizes lectures at public and private schools, relev (...)

Lectures on "Sexting, Sextortion, Grooming and Child Sexual Abuse".

Save the Children Finland - Hotline of the Month, November 2019

Finnish hotline had an excellent media coverage over the last month. The hotline’s manager and Senior Advisor Nina Vaaranen-Valkonen and Advisor Hanna-Leena Laitinen gave multiple inte (...)

Save the Children Finland - Hotline of the Month, November 2019

Inter-Parliamentary Union choses to draft resolution on online child sexual exploitation

During the last meeting of the Interparlementarian Union in October, the standing Committee on Democracy and Human Rights chose the goal ‘to have legislation on online child sexual exp (...)

Inter-Parliamentary Union choses to draft resolution on online child sexual exploitation

How we dealt with sextortion e-mails in the Czech Republic

Several hotlines across Europe, including Stoponline.cz, faced blackmail attempts in the last year. Users received emails informing them that malware installed on their computer would tr (...)

How we dealt with sextortion e-mails in the Czech Republic

Consultation on the Mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the sale & sexual exploitation of children

A two-day expert meeting held in Florence on 24th and 25th September, gathering over 30 experts in child rights...

Consultation on the Mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the sale & sexual exploitation of children

APLE Launches Internet Safety Courses for Professionals Working with Children.

Since 2016, APLE has operated its internet hotline, which has been an imperative tool in the fight against Online and Offline sexual exploitation of children in Cambodia as it is a tool (...)

APLE Launches Internet Safety Courses for Professionals Working with Children.